It was the general opinion of the ancients that
painting had been founded at Sikyon and line-drawing
had been accomplished there. The Pitsa panels dating
from 540 BC, in someway confirm this. These miniature unique specimens
of painting were found in a cave at the near-by village of Pitsa, in the
district of Sikyon. Though time has taken a lot of them, they are
excellent pieces of painting exquisitely drawn on wooden panels with a
wide range of colors. The pictures below are two of the four similar tablets
The first panel depicts a sacrificial scene and procession of votaries
The second panel shows women socializing.
An illustration from a vase (jug) of the 7th century BC, made at Sikyon or possibly Corinth. It represents two armies of oplites advancing on each other. A flute player plays military tunes to keep the step. The warriors are heavy armed. (Villa Giulia, Rome).
(before 6th BC)
Kraton of Sikyon is mentioned as the inventor of modern drawing and painting. He was the first man who painted the shadows of a man and a woman on a white board.
(before 6th BC)
Telephanes of Sikyon brought to perfection the drawing of sketches.
Painter born in Sikyon. Flourished about 400 BC. He was the founder of the Sikyonian school of painting which lasted for many generations. He laid great emphasis on professional knowledge and severe accuracy.
Painter, pupil of Eupompos, the founder of the
Sikyonian school of painting. Born in Amphipolis of Macedonia, he lived
at Sikyon and after Eupompos became head of the painting school. He
charged extraordinary fees for his pupils (one talent). Apelles
gave it and became the greatest painter of Greece.
(flourished 352-308 BC)
Pupil of Pamphilos, born at Colophon or the island of Cos. He studied at Sikyon. He was the greatest painter of antiquity. Alexander the Great refused to be painted by any other than him. His famous work Alexander in the temple of Artemis at Ephesos, pictured Alexander with lighting in his hand, his fingers appearing to stand out of the picture keeping the thunderbolt. Apelles brought to perfection both coloring and drawing. When his Aphrodite Anadyomene at Rome (brought up from the temple of Asclepius at Cos) was damaged at the lower part, none dared to restore it.
(flourished 352-320? BC)
Another pupil of Pamphilos who excelled in his art
was the Sikyonian Melanthios. Pliny tells us that he
was even superior in composition than Apelles, as himself acknowledged
that. Certainly the greatest painter in the history of Sikyon.
Quintilian judged him together with his teacher Pamfillos as excelling
in ratio from all other painters. Vitrouvios had a very high opinion of
Pausias of Sikyon was the first painter to use
extensively the encaustic technique in painting which is more favorable
for illusion and picturesque than tempera. He was also the inventor of
foreshortening and vaulted ceilings. He painted mainly children and
flowers. His most famous picture was the flower girl representing Glyęera
holding a wreath (the girl with whom was in love in his youth) known as
the "Garland-weaver". A replica of his own or copy of this
painting was sold for two talents three hundred years later.
Painter, son and pupil of Pausias.
3rd century BC
Painter and sculptor born in Sikyon. He wrote books
on both subjects. He laid great emphasis in the detail of drawing.
Painter born in Sikyon and close friend of Aratos. We
know about his paintings from various descriptions.
Sikyonian painter, very possibly a pupil of Nealkes.
Sikyonian painter, son of the sculptor Teisikrates.
© 1998 - 2014 Ellen Papakyriakou/Anagnostou. All